What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. (Lyon, G.R., Shaywitz, S. E., Shaywitz, B.A. (2003). A definition of dyslexia. Annals of Dyslexia, 53, 1-14.)
Students with dyslexia can be served under special education or under Section 504, depending on the student’s unique needs. Please see TEA guidance (June 2018) Provision of Services for Students with Dyslexia and Related Disorders.
What do I do if I suspect my child has dyslexia?
The Texas Dyslexia Handbook
Texas has special guidance regarding the identification and treatment of dyslexia and related disorders via the Texas Dyslexia Handbook.
You can view the current version of the handbook here: 2018 Texas Dyslexia Handbook